CFPB Signals Renewed Enforcement of Tribal Lending

CFPB Signals Renewed Enforcement of Tribal Lending

The CFPB has sent different messages regarding its approach to regulating tribal lending in recent years. The CFPB pursued an aggressive enforcement agenda that included tribal lending under the bureau’s first director, Richard Cordray. After Acting Director Mulvaney took over, the CFPB’s 2018 five-year plan suggested that the CFPB had no intention of “pushing the envelope” by “trampling upon the liberties of y our citizens, or interfering with sovereignty or autonomy of this states or Indian tribes.” Now, a current choice by Director Kraninger signals a come back to an even more aggressive position towards tribal financing regarding enforcing federal customer economic rules.

Background

On February 18, 2020, Director Kraninger issued an order doubting the request of lending entities owned by the Habematolel Pomo of Upper Lake Indian Tribe to create apart certain CFPB civil investigative needs (CIDs). The CIDs at issue had been granted in October 2019 to Golden Valley Lending, Inc., Majestic Lake Financial, Inc., hill Summit Financial, Inc., Silver Cloud Financial, Inc., and Upper Lake Processing Services, Inc. (the “petitioners”), searching for information linked to the petitioners’ so-called violation regarding the Consumer Financial Protection Act (CFPA) “by collecting quantities that consumers didn’t owe or by simply making false or deceptive representations to customers into the length of servicing loans and collecting debts.” The petitioners challenged the CIDs on five grounds – including sovereign resistance – which Director Kraninger rejected.

Just before issuing the CIDs, the CFPB filed suit against all petitioners, with the exception of Upper Lake Processing Services, Inc., within the U.S. Continue reading “CFPB Signals Renewed Enforcement of Tribal Lending”